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Clinical and Cytogenetic Features of a Population-Based Consecutive Series of 285 Pediatric T-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemias: Rare T-cell Receptor Gene Rearrangements Are Associated with Poor Outcome
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2009 (English)In: Genes, Chromosomes and Cancer, ISSN 1045-2257, E-ISSN 1098-2264, Vol. 48, no 9, 795-805 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Clinical characteristics and cytogenetic aberrations were ascertained and reviewed in a population-based consecutive series of 285 pediatric T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias (T-ALLs) diagnosed between 1992 and 2006 in the Nordic countries. Informative karyotypic results were obtained in 249 (87%) cases, of which 119 (48%) were cytogenetically abnormal. Most (62%) of the aberrant T-ALLs were pseudodiploid. Structural changes were more common than numerical ones; 86% displayed at least one structural abnormality and 41% at least one numerical anomaly. The most frequent abnormalities were T-cell receptor (TCR) gene rearrangements (20%) [TCR; 11p13 (10%), TCR; 10q24 (3%), TCR;other (8%)], del(9p) (17%), +8 (14%), del(6q) (12%), and 11q23 rearrangements (6%). The TCR;other group comprised the rare rearrangements t(X; 14)(p11;q11), t(X;7)(q22;q34), t(1;14)(p32;q11), ins(14;5)(q11;q?q?), inv(7)(p15q34), t(8;14)(q24;q11), t(7;11)(q34;p15), and t(12;1 4)(p13;q11). The clinical characteristics of this Nordic patient cohort agreed well with previous larger series, with a median age of 9.0 years, male predominance (male/female ratio 3.1), median white blood cell (WBC) count of 66.5 x 10(9)/1, and a high incidence of mediastinal mass and central nervous system involvement (59% and 9.5%, respectively). These features did not differ significantly among the various genetic subgroups. 5-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival for all patients were 0.61 (+/-0.03) and 0.67 (+/-0.03), respectively. In a multivariate analysis, two factors affected negatively the EFS, namely a WBC count of >= 200 x 10(9)/1 (P < 0.001) and the presence of rare TCR rearrangements (P = 0.001). In conclusion, in this large series of childhood T-ALLs from the Nordic countries, the cytogenetic findings were not associated with risk of therapy failure with the exception of the TCR;other group. However, further prospective and collaborative investigations of this genetically heterogeneous entity are needed to confirm these results. (C) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 48, no 9, 795-805 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-128346DOI: 10.1002/gcc.20684ISI: 000268385700006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-128346DiVA: diva2:331325
Available from: 2010-07-22 Created: 2010-07-20 Last updated: 2010-07-22Bibliographically approved

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