Age-specific prevalence of HPV genotypes in cervical cytology samples with equivocal or low-grade lesions
2009 (English)In: British Journal of Cancer, ISSN 0007-0920, E-ISSN 1532-1827, Vol. 101, no 3, 511-517 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: To define the spectrum of human papillomavirus (HPV) types and establish an age limit for triage HPV testing in atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) and low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 343 liquid-based cytological samples from the population-based screening programme with minor abnormalities were subjected to HPV genotyping (Linear Array, Roche, Basel, Switzerland). RESULTS: High-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) was found in 71% of LSIL and 49% of ASCUS cases (P<0.001). High-risk human papillomavirus prevalence was age-dependent in LSIL (P = 0.01), with decreasing prevalence until the age of 50 years, followed by a slight increase. Human papillomavirus type 16 was the most common HR-HPV, found in 23% of HPV-positive women. Human papillomavirus type 18 was the sixth most common, found in 9.9% (P<0.001). An age-dependent quadratic trend was observed for multiple infections (P=0.01) with a trough at about 42 years. The most common HR-HPV types to show a coinfection with HPV16 (clade 9) were HPV39 (28%), 45 (38%), and 59 (46%), belonging to HPV18 clade 7. The frequency of low-risk (LR) vs probable HR and HR-HPV also followed an age-dependent quadratic trend. CONCLUSIONS: After the age of 25 years, HR-HPV prevalence is similar in LSIL and ASCUS cases, motivating a low age limit for triage HPV testing. Multiple infections and LR/HR-HPV dominance are age-dependent. Genotyping in longitudinal design is needed to elucidate the importance of multiple infections in cancer progression and in cross-protection from vaccination. British Journal of Cancer (2009) 101, 511-517. doi:10.1038/sj.bjc.6605165 www.bjcancer.com Published online 21 July 2009 (C) 2009 Cancer Research UK
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 101, no 3, 511-517 p.
HPV, genotyping, liquid-based cytology (LBC), ASCUS, LSIL, age
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-128348DOI: 10.1038/sj.bjc.6605165ISI: 000268439500020OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-128348DiVA: diva2:331332