T regulatory cells control T-cell proliferation partly by the release of soluble CD25 in patients with B-cell malignancies
2010 (English)In: Immunology, ISSN 0019-2805, E-ISSN 1365-2567, Vol. 131, no 3, 371-376 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is one of the most studied cytokines driving T-cell proliferation, activation and survival. It binds to the IL-2 receptor consisting of three chains, the alpha (CD25), beta and common gamma (gammac). The binding of the CD25 chain to IL-2 is necessary to expose high-affinity binding sites for the beta and gammac chains, which, in turn, are responsible for downstream signalling. A high level of soluble CD25 (sCD25) has been associated with a poor prognosis in patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The function and source of origin of this soluble receptor is not well investigated. In the present study we hypothesized that T regulatory (Treg) cells may release CD25 to act as a decoy receptor for IL-2, thereby depriving T-effector cells of IL-2. Peripheral blood from patients with B-cell malignancies (n = 26) and healthy controls (n = 27) was investigated for the presence and function of FoxP3(+) Treg cells and sCD25 by multi-colour flow cytometry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Further, the proliferative capacity of T cells was evaluated with or without the presence of recombinant sCD25. The results demonstrate that Treg cells from patients had lower CD25 expression intensity and that they released CD25 in vitro. Further, high levels of Treg cells correlated with sCD25 plasma concentration. Recombinant sCD25 could suppress T-cell proliferation in vitro. In conclusion, the release of sCD25 by Treg cells may be a mechanism to deprive IL-2 and thereby inhibit anti-tumour T-cell responses.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 131, no 3, 371-376 p.
B-cell malignancy, CD25, interleukin-2 receptor α, immune escape mechanism, T regulatory cell
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject Immunology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-128828DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2567.2010.03308.xISI: 000282690500008PubMedID: 20518821OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-128828DiVA: diva2:331803