Cadmium chloride alters mRNA levels of angiogenesis related genes in primary human endometrial endothelial cells grown in vitro
2010 (English)In: Reproductive Toxicology, ISSN 0890-6238, E-ISSN 1873-1708, Vol. 30, no 3, 370-376 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Cadmium, is known to cause adverse reproductive effects, and classified as an endocrine disrupting chemical (EDC). Human endometrial endothelial cells (HEEC) have a key role in the regulation of endometrial angiogenesis. These cells are known to express estrogen receptors, a feature that makes them potential targets for EDCs such as cadmium. We have designed a co-culture system, in which HEEC were grown in the same cell culture medium as endometrial stromal cells but in separate, communicating chambers. With quantitative PCR, we investigated changes in mRNA expression of genes associated with angiogenesis, sex steroids and endothelial cell specific functions. We found that cadmium altered the mRNA expression of the two important angiogenic molecules VEGF-A and PLGF. Cadmium might thus affect endometrial angiogenesis and as a consequence cause endometrial dysfunction with an increased risk for fertility problems.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 30, no 3, 370-376 p.
Angiogenesis; Cadmium chloride; Endocrine disruptor; Endometrium; Co-culture; In vitro; Human endometrial endothelial cells; qPCR
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-128933DOI: 10.1016/j.reprotox.2010.05.003ISI: 000282165000004PubMedID: 20580663OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-128933DiVA: diva2:332245