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Relationship between exhaled nitric oxide and IgE sensitisation in patients with asthma: influence of steroid treatment
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
2009 (English)In: Clinical Respiratory Journal, ISSN 1752-6981, Vol. 3, no 3, 143-151 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: The influence of the degree of immunoglobulin E (IgE) sensitisation on the fraction of expired nitric oxide (FENO) in asthma patients being treated with inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) is not well known. Objectives: To investigate the relationship between IgE sensitisation and FENO, and the effect of a step-up in ICS treatment on this relationship, in patients with allergic asthma. Methods: A primary health care centre recruited 20 non-smoking patients with perennial allergic asthma (18 years-50 years, six male) outside the pollen season. At every visit (0, 2, 4, 8 weeks), FENO was measured and an exposure questionnaire was completed. ICS dose was adjusted according to FENO (>= 22 ppb prescribed increase in ICS). Quantitative analyses of serum IgE (eight common aeroallergens) confirmed allergy. Results: At baseline, FENO and the sum of IgE antibody titres for perennial allergens correlated significantly (r = 0.47, P = 0.04). After a step-up in ICS treatment, this correlation had disappeared. Nine patients had persistently elevated FENO at last visit (mean 35 ppb vs 16 ppb). This group was more frequently exposed to relevant allergens or colds (89% vs 27% of patients, P < 0.05) and had higher IgE antibody titres (perennial allergens) compared with the normalised group (mean 28.9 kU/L vs 10.7 kU/L, P < 0.05). Conclusion: Serum IgE against perennial allergens and FENO correlate in patients with allergic asthma. However, this relationship disappears after a high-dose ICS regimen, suggesting that FENO relates to bronchial inflammation and not IgE levels per se. High degree of IgE sensitisation together with allergen exposure may lead to ICS-resistant airways inflammation. Please cite this paper as: Syk J, Unden AL and Alving K. Relationship between exhaled nitric oxide and IgE sensitisation in patients with asthma: influence of steroid treatment. The Clinical Respiratory Journal 2009; 3: 143-151.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 3, no 3, 143-151 p.
Keyword [en]
allergen, asthma, breath test, IgE, nitric oxide
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-128999DOI: 10.1111/j/1752-699X.2008.00124.xISI: 000266874300004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-128999DiVA: diva2:332425
Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2010-08-05Bibliographically approved

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