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LITHIUM ABUNDANCES OF EXTREMELY METAL-POOR TURNOFF STARS
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
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2009 (English)In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 698, no 2, 1803-1812 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We have determined Li abundances for eleven metal-poor turnoff stars, among which eight have [Fe/H] < -3, based on LTE analyses of high-resolution spectra obtained with the High Dispersion Spectrograph on the Subaru Telescope. The Li abundances for four of these eight stars are determined for the first time by this study. Effective temperatures are determined by a profile analysis of H alpha and H beta. While seven stars have Li abundances as high as the Spite Plateau value, the remaining four objects with [Fe/H] < -3 have A(Li) = log(Li/H) + 12 less than or similar to 2.0, confirming the existence of extremely metal-poor (EMP) turnoff stars having low Li abundances, as reported by previous work. The average of the Li abundances for stars with [Fe/H]< -3 is lower by 0.2 dex than that of the stars with higher metallicity. No clear constraint on the metallicity dependence or scatter of the Li abundances is derived from our measurements for the stars with [Fe/H]< -3. Correlations of the Li abundance with effective temperatures, with abundances of Na, Mg, and Sr, and with the kinematical properties are investigated, but no clear correlation is seen in the EMP star sample.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 698, no 2, 1803-1812 p.
Keyword [en]
nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances, stars: abundances, stars: Population II
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-129003DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/698/2/1803ISI: 000266782400065OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-129003DiVA: diva2:332430
Available from: 2010-08-05 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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