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Ab Initio Study of Molecular Hydrogen Adsorption in Covalent Organic Framework-1
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Materials Science. (Condensed Matter Theory Grp)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Materials Science. (Condensed Matter Theory Grp)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Materials Science. (Condensed Matter Theory Grp)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Materials Science. (Condensed Matter Theory Grp)
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2009 (English)In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 113, no 19, 8498-8504 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The adsorption energies of hydrogen molecules at all possible adsorption sites of covalent organic framework-1 (COF-1) are studied by density functional theory (DFT) and second-order Moller-Plesset perturbation theory (MP2). The most favorable adsorption sites from our DFT results are on the top of an oxygen atom for the B3O3 ring and on the top of the center of the C-C bond for the benzene ring when a single H-2 is interacting with the COF-1. The adsorption energy trend obtained from the DFT calculations is found to be in good agreement with the MP2 binding energy trend. The binding preferences are slightly changed when high hydrogen loading is considered. H-2 molecules prefer to be trapped on the top of the carbon atoms of the benzene ring and also on the top of the oxygen atoms of the B3O3 ring. These findings are confirmed by hydrogen center-of-mass distribution results obtained using molecular dynamics simulations. Moreover, our DFT results reveal that the hydrogen adsorption energies are boosted when we increase the number of hydrogen loadings due to attractive H-2-H-2 interactions. In addition, the nonavailability of the remaining adsorption sites in the COF-1 leads to a reduction of the H-2 mobility.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 113, no 19, 8498-8504 p.
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-129067DOI: 10.1021/jp809167bISI: 000265895500075OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-129067DiVA: diva2:337530
Available from: 2010-08-06 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Computational Studies of Hydrogen Storage Materials: Physisorbed and Chemisorbed  Systems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Computational Studies of Hydrogen Storage Materials: Physisorbed and Chemisorbed  Systems
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis deals with first-principles calculations based on density functional theory to investigate hydrogen storage related properties in various high-surface area materials and the ground state crystal structures in alkaline earth dicarbide systems.

High-surface area materials have been shown to be very promising for hydrogen storage applications owing to them containing numerous hydrogen adsorption sites and good kinetics for adsorption/desorption. However, one disadvantage of these materials is their very weak interaction with adsorbed hydrogen molecules. Hence, for any feasible applications, the hydrogen interaction energy of these materials must be enhanced.  In metal organic frameworks, approaches for improving the hydrogen interaction energy are opening the metal oxide cluster and decorating hydrogen attracting metals, e.g. Li, at the adsorption sites of the host.  In covalent organic framework-1, the effects of the H2-H2 interaction are also found to play a significant role for enhancing the hydrogen adsorption energy. Moreover, ab initio molecular dynamics simulations reveal that hydrogen molecules can be trapped in the host material due to the blockage from adjacent adsorbed hydrogen molecules.

In light metal hydride systems, hydrogen ions play two different roles, namely they can behave as "promoter" and "inhibitor" of Li diffusion in lithium imide and lithium amide, respectively.  By studying thermodynamics of Li+ and proton diffusions in the mixture between lithium amide and lithium hydride, it was found that Li+ and proton diffusions inside lithium amide are more favorable than those between lithium amide and lithium hydride.

Finally, our results show that the ground state configuration of BeC2 and MgC2 consists of five-membered carbon rings connected through a carbon atom forming an infinitely repeated chain surrounded by Be/Mg ions, whereas the stable crystal structure of the CaC2, SrC2 and BaC2 is the chain type structure, commonly found in the alkaline earth dicarbide systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2010. 90 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 782
Keyword
Density functional theory, Ab initio molecular dynamics, Ab initio random structure searching, Hydrogen storage materials, Alkaline earth dicarbide
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Research subject
Physics with spec. in Atomic, Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-132875 (URN)978-91-554-7933-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-12-10, Å80101, Ångström Laboratory, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
Felaktigt tryckt som Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology 712Available from: 2010-11-19 Created: 2010-10-28 Last updated: 2011-03-21Bibliographically approved
2. Insights into Materials Properties from Ab Initio Theory: Diffusion, Adsorption, Catalysis & Structure
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Insights into Materials Properties from Ab Initio Theory: Diffusion, Adsorption, Catalysis & Structure
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this thesis, density functional theory (DFT) calculations and DFT based ab initio molecular dynamics simulations have been employed in order to gain insights into materials properties like diffusion, adsorption, catalysis, and structure.

In transition metals, absorbed hydrogen atoms self-trap due to localization of metal d-electrons. The self-trapping state is shown to highly influence hydrogen diffusion in the classical over-barrier jump temperature region. Li diffusion in Li-N-H systems is investigated. The diffusion in Li3N is shown to be controlled by the concentration of vacancies. Exchanging one Li for H (Li2NH), gives a system where the diffusion no longer is dependent on the concentrations of vacancies, but instead on N-H rotations. Furthermore, exchanging another Li for H (LiNH2), results in a blockade of Li diffusion. For high-surface area hydrogen storage materials, metal organic frameworks and covalent organic frameworks, the hydrogen adsorption is studied. In metal organic frameworks, a Li-decoration is also suggested as a way to increase the hydrogen adsorption energy. In NaAlH4 doped with transition metals (TM), the hypothesis of TM-Al intermetallic alloys as the main catalytic species is supported. The source of the catalytic effect of carbon nanostructures on hydrogen desorption from NaAlH4 is shown to be the high electronegativity of the carbon nanostructures. A space-group optimized ab initio random structure search method is used to find a new ground state structure for BeC2 and MgC2. The fast change between the amorphous and the crystalline phase of GeSbTe phase-change materials is suggested to be due to the close resemblance between the local amorphous structure and the crystalline structure. Finally, we show that more than 80% of the voltage in the lead acid battery is due to relativistic effects.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2010. 81 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 772
Keyword
Density functional theory, Molecular dynamics, Diffusion, Catalysis, Adsorption, Random structure search, Hydrogen-storage materials, Phase-change materials
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics Condensed Matter Physics
Research subject
Physics with spec. in Atomic, Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-131331 (URN)978-91-554-7907-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-11-12, Siegbansalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
Felaktigt tryckt som Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology 702Available from: 2010-10-21 Created: 2010-09-30 Last updated: 2011-04-04Bibliographically approved

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Scheicher, Ralph H.Ahuja, Rajeev

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