Physical properties of morphological units on Comet 9P/Tempel 1 derived from near-IR Deep Impact spectra
2009 (English)In: Icarus (New York, N.Y. 1962), ISSN 0019-1035, E-ISSN 1090-2643, Vol. 201, no 1, 335-357 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this paper we analyze near-infrared thermal emission spectra of the spatially resolved nucleus Of Comet 9P/Tempel 1 obtained by the NASA spacecraft Deep Impact. Maps of spectral reddening. the product X' between the beaming function and directional emissivity, as well as Suit ace temperature are constructed. Thermophysical modeling is used to estimate the degree of small scale surface toughness and thermal inertia by detailed reproduction of the empirical temperature map. Mie and Hapke theories are Used in combination with numerically Calculated beaming functions to analyze the X' trial and place constraints oil composition and grain size of the Surface material. We show that it is absolutely mandatory to include small scale Surface roughness in thermophysical modeling of this object, since the resulting self treating is vital for reproducing the measured temperatures. A small scale self heating parameter in the range 0.6 <= xi <= 0.75 is common, but smoother areas where 0.2 <= xi <= 0.3 are also found. Contrary to models neglecting small scale surface roughness, we find that the thermal inertia of Comet 9P/Tempel 1 generally is high (1000-3000 J m(-1) K-1 s(-1/2)). although it may be substantially lower (40-380 Jm(-2) K-1 s(-1/2)) in specific areas. We obtain a disk-averaged reddening of 3.5% kA(-1), with statistically significant local variations around that value on a +/- 1.0% kA(-1) level. vast regions appear covered by small (similar to 0.1 mu m) highly absorbing grains such as carbon or iron-rich silicates. Other regions appear dominated by somewhat larger (similar to 0.5 mu m) and/or less absorbing grains such as troilite or magnesium-rich silicates. Surface variations in reddening, roughness, thermal inertia, composition and/or grain size are moderately to strongly correlated to the locations of morphological units oil the surface. The existence of morphological units with differing physical properties may be primordial. hence reflecting a diversity in the building block cometesimals, or resulting front evolutionary processes. (c) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 201, no 1, 335-357 p.
Comet Tempel 1, Comets, nucleus, Thermal histories, Infrared Observations, Mineralogy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-129069DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2008.12.039ISI: 000265957900024OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-129069DiVA: diva2:337539