Alterations in the composition of membrane glycero-and sphingolipids in the course of Flammulina velutipes surface culture development
2009 (English)In: Microbiology (Mikrobiologija), ISSN 0026-2617, E-ISSN 1608-3237, Vol. 78, no 2, 193-201 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Qualitative and quantitative characteristics of the alterations in the lipid composition of the membrane of the basidial fungus Flammulina velutipes in the course of surface culture development were investigated. Modifications of the lipid composition were shown to be timed to specific ontogeny stages, such as changes in the growth rate of the colonies, the appearance of differentiated vegetative cells, and the formation of generative structures. A slowdown of growth correlated with an alteration in the ratio of major classes of phospholipids, namely, with a decrease of phosphatidylcholine relative content and an increase in phosphatidylethanolamines. The differentiation of vegetative cells of the mycelium proceeded along with modifications of molecular composition of glycoceramides. In the course of the first week of growth, the surface culture of F. velutipes produced monohexosylceramides with epoxidized methyl sphingadienine as a sphingoid base. Later on, along with culture growth and specialization of mycelium cells, molecular species with methyl sphingadienine, common for basidiomycetes, start to prevail among the fungal glycoceramides. The formation of fruit bodies is accompanied by enrichment of molecules of phospholipids, mainly, the phosphatidylcholines, with unsaturated fatty acids.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 78, no 2, 193-201 p.
Flammulina velutipes, phospholipids, glycoceramides, growth, fructification
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-129082DOI: 10.1134/S002626170902009XISI: 000265510700009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-129082DiVA: diva2:337556