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THE NASA-UC ETA-EARTH PROGRAM:  I. A SUPER-EARTH ORBITING HD 7924
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2009 (English)In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 696, no 1, 75-83 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We report the discovery of the first low-mass planet to emerge from the NASA-UC Eta-Earth Program, a super-Earth orbiting the K0 dwarf HD 7924. Keplerian modeling of precise Doppler radial velocities reveals a planet with minimum mass M-P sin i = 9.26M(circle plus) in a P = 5.398 d orbit. Based on Keck-HIRES measurements from 2001 to 2008, the planet is robustly detected with an estimated false alarm probability of less than 0.001. Photometric observations using the Automated Photometric Telescopes at Fairborn Observatory show that HD 7924 is photometrically constant over the radial velocity period to 0.19 mmag, supporting the existence of the planetary companion. No transits were detected down to a photometric limit of similar to 0.5 mmag, eliminating transiting planets with a variety of compositions. HD 7924b is one of only eight planets detected by the radial velocity technique with M-P sini < 10 M-circle plus and as such is a member of an emerging family of low-mass planets that together constrain theories of planet formation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 696, no 1, 75-83 p.
Keyword [en]
planetary systems, stars: individual (HD 7924), techniques: radial velocities
National Category
Physical Sciences
Research subject
Astronomy with specialization in Astrophysics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-129108DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/696/1/75ISI: 000265350100007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-129108DiVA: diva2:337593
Available from: 2010-08-06 Created: 2010-08-05 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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Piskunov, Nikolai E.

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