Structure of the Central Scandinavian Caledonides and the underlying Precambrian basement, new constraints from magnetotellurics
2008 (English)In: Geophysical Journal International, ISSN 0956-540X, E-ISSN 1365-246X, Vol. 175, no 1, 55-69 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We investigate the structure of the accretionary wedge of the Caledonian orogen, the underlying autochthonous/parautochthonous carbonaceous alum shales and the Precambrian basement. We have conducted 60 broad-band magnetotelluric soundings along a 180 km long profile in JAmtland, Sweden, across the eastern section of the Central Scandinavian Caledonides. Dimensionality analysis and regional strike estimates indicate that the conductivity structure can be approximated by a 2-D model having a N40 degrees E strike direction, consistent with the dominant geological strike. The determinant average of the impedance tensor, together with the tipper transfer function from the best 34 sites, were inverted by the REBOCC 2-D inversion code. An electrically highly conducting layer beneath the Caledonides images alum shales, the autochthonous Cambrian carbon-bearing black shales on top of the Precambrian basement. Based on the comparison of electrical conductivity and seismic reflectivity models, we suggest that the Caledonian accretionary wedge thickens in a step-wise manner from ca. 1 to 5-6 km towards the west. In the east, the wedge is composed of the lower allochthon. In the west, the wedge reaches the thickness of 15 km and is composed of the lower allochthon at the bottom, the middle/upper allochthons at the top and resistive allochthonous basement slices. The upper crust of the autochthonous Precambrian basement is homogeneous and resistive from surface down to 15 km and can be associated with the Revsund and RAtan granites. The border between the eastern Revsund- and western RAtan-type granites coincides in the JAmtland region, with the boundary between the northern Central Svecofennian Province and the southern Svecofennian volcanic belt and is marked by a subvertical conductor associated with a steeply dipping band of reflectors. The lower crust and uppermost mantle in the easternmost part of the profile are very resistive, whereas in west, they are 2-3 orders of magnitude more conductive. The increase of average crustal conductivity is related to the Caledonian processes or later opening of the Atlantic Ocean that have affected also the lower crust.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 175, no 1, 55-69 p.
Electrical properties, Magnetotelluric, Crustal structure, Europe
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-129251DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2008.03913.xISI: 000262313800005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-129251DiVA: diva2:338120