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Hamster exhibits major differences in organ-specific metabolism of the esophageal carcinogen N-nitrosodiethylamine
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences.
2008 (English)In: Toxicology Letters, ISSN 0378-4274, E-ISSN 1879-3169, Vol. 183, no 1-3, 90-94 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Nitrosamines are carcinogens that require metabolic activation by CYP enzymes in order to exert their carcinogenic effect. Species differences exist in their esophageal carcinogenic potency, with the rat being the most sensitive and the Syrian hamster a resistant species. In the latter, the liver is the main target organ. This difference does not apply to directly acting N-nitroso compounds, suggesting that tissue-specific metabolic activation is involved in hamster esophageal resistance to nitrosamines. We have previously shown that Cytochrome P450 2A3 (CYP2A3) is responsible for N-nitrosodiethylamine activation in the rat esophagus. In order to find a mechanistic explanation for the resistance of hamster esophagus for nitrosamines, we have compared the metabolism of NDEA between esophagus and liver of the hamster. Hamster esophagus is capable of activating NDEA (K-m = 1.02 +/- 0.44 mu M and V-max = 1.96 +/- 0.26 nmol acetaldehyde/min/mg microsomal protein). However, the hamster liver showed a 40-fold higher catalytic efficiency (V-max/K-m) towards NDEA metabolism compared with its esophagus. Hamster esophagus expresses CYP2A8, CYP2A9 and CYP2A16, but not CYP2E1. An antibody against human CYP2A6 was able to inhibit NDEA metabolism in hamster esophageal, but not liver microsomes. Our results suggest that in the hamster esophagus, but not in the liver, most of the NDEA is metabolized by CYP2A enzymes, but with a rather poor efficiency when compared to the liver. This is in accordance with previous results showing that for the hamster, the main target organ of NDEA is the liver. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 183, no 1-3, 90-94 p.
Keyword [en]
Nitrosamines, N-nitrosodiethylamine, Esophagus, CYP2A, Hamster
National Category
Pharmaceutical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-129266DOI: 10.1016/j.toxlet.2008.10.004ISI: 000262053000012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-129266DiVA: diva2:338148
Available from: 2010-08-10 Created: 2010-08-10 Last updated: 2010-08-10Bibliographically approved

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