Probing the kinetic mechanism and coenzyme specificity of glutathione reductase from the cyanobacterium Anabaena PCC 7120 by redesign of the pyridine-nucleotide-binding site
1999 (English)In: Biochemistry, ISSN 0006-2960, E-ISSN 1520-4995, Vol. 38, no 29, 9254-9263 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Glutathione reductase from the cyanobacterium Anabaena PCC 7120 contains a pyridine-nucleotide-binding motif differing from that of the enzyme from other sources and an insertion of 10 amino acid residues. Homology modeling was used to obtain a model of the enzyme structure. It revealed that in the Anabaena enzyme Lys(203) replaces Arg, found to interact with the 2'-phosphate of NADP(H) in the enzyme from other sources, and that it has an extra loop near the entrance of the pyridine-nucleotide-binding site. The steady-state and preequilibrium kinetic properties were characterized for the wild-type enzyme, a K203R, and a loop deletion mutant. All enzyme forms had higher catalytic efficiency with NADPH than with NADH, although the difference was less than for glutathione reductase from other sources. The specificity was most pronounced in the formation of the charge-transfer complex between the pyridine nucleotide and oxidized enzyme-bound FAD, as compared to later steps in the reaction. Unexpectedly, by replacing Lys(203) with Arg, the specificity for NADPH was diminished in the complete redox reaction. Ser(174) appears to interact with the 2'-phosphate of NADPH and introduction of arginine instead of lysine, therefore, has little effect on the interaction with this coenzyme. However, the efficiency in forming the charge-transfer complex between the pyridine nucleotide and oxidized enzyme-bound FAD was increased in the K203R mutant using NADPH but not with NADH. The lack of affinity toward 2',5'-ADP-Sepharose by the wild-type enzyme was not changed by replacing Lys(203) with Arg but deletion of the loop resulted in an enzyme that bound to the immobilized ligand. Removal of the loop increased the efficiency of the enzyme in the reductive half-reaction with both pyridine-nucleotides as well as in the overall catalytic mechanism.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 38, no 29, 9254-9263 p.
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-121137DOI: 10.1021/bi9903300ISI: 000081616000008PubMedID: 10413499OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-121137DiVA: diva2:343687