Paradoxical inhibition of rat glutathione transferase 4-4 by indomethacin explained by substrate-inhibitor-enzyme complexes in a random-order sequential mechanism
1988 (English)In: Biochemical Journal, ISSN 0264-6021, E-ISSN 1470-8728, Vol. 250, no 3, 705-711 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Under standard assay conditions, with 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB) as electrophilic substrate, rat glutathione transferase 4-4 is strongly inhibited (I50 = 1 microM) by indomethacin. No other glutathione transferase investigated is significantly inhibited by micromolar concentrations of indomethacin. Paradoxically, the strong inhibition of glutathione transferase 4-4 was dependent on high (millimolar) concentrations of CDNB; at low concentrations of this substrate or with other substrates the effect of indomethacin on the enzyme was similar to the moderate inhibition noted for other glutathione transferases. In general, the inhibition of glutathione transferases can be explained by a random-order sequential mechanism, in which indomethacin acts as a competitive inhibitor with respect to the electrophilic substrate. In the specific case of glutathione transferase 4-4 with CDNB as substrate, indomethacin binds to enzyme-CDNB and enzyme-CDNB-GSH complexes with an even greater affinity than to the corresponding complexes lacking CDNB. Under presumed physiological conditions with low concentrations of electrophilic substrates, indomethacin is not specific for glutathione transferase 4-4 and may inhibit all forms of glutathione transferase.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1988. Vol. 250, no 3, 705-711 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-121139ISI: A1988M727400011PubMedID: 3390138OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-121139DiVA: diva2:343689