Experiences of a nationwide web-based system: reporting dispensing errors in Swedish pharmacies
2012 (English)In: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, ISSN 2042-7174, Vol. 20, no 1, 25-32 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVES: To design and evaluate a national web-based dispensing error reporting system for all Swedish pharmacies, replacing the currently used paper-based system.
METHODS: A working group designed the new system. The number of reports before (1999-2003) and after (2004-2005) introduction was studied in a descriptive analysis. The completeness of reports was evaluated through the study of 100 randomly selected reports from the third quarter of 2003 and 2004 from each system. Evaluation was done by chi-square analysis; P>0.05. Perceptions on introduction were collected in semi-structured interviews (working group and one assistant) and subjected to descriptive analysis.
KEY FINDINGS: Reported error rate per 100,000 dispensed items was 12.9 pre- and 21.4 post implementation. Completeness-analysis revealed that information was more comprehensively reported in the new system. A significant difference existed in the extent to which incidents were described as well as details provided of the medicine and the patient. According to the interviewees, users initially found the web-based system difficult to handle. It took more than 6 months to change this perception.
CONCLUSIONS: Introducing a web-based system for reporting dispensing errors had an impact on quantity of reports and completeness. Time and patience was needed to implement the changes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 20, no 1, 25-32 p.
Medication errors, dispensing errors, pharmacy, safety management, error-reporting system
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-129929DOI: 10.1111/j.2042-7174.2011.00159.xPubMedID: 22236177OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-129929DiVA: diva2:345602