Can preference for oviposition sites initiate reproductive isolation in Callosobruchus maculatus?
2011 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 6, no 1, e14628- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Theory has identified a variety of evolutionary processes that may lead to speciation. Our study includes selection experiments using different host plants and test key predictions concerning models of speciation based on host plant choice, such as the evolution of host use (preference and performance) and assortative mating. This study shows that after only ten generations of selection on different resources/hosts in allopatry, strains of the seed beetle Callosobruchus maculatus develop new resource preferences and show resource-dependent assortative mating when given the possibility to choose mates and resources during secondary contact. The resulting reduced gene flow between the different strains remained for two generations after contact before being overrun by disassortative mating. We show that reduced gene flow can evolve in a population due to a link between host preference and assortative mating, although this result was not found in all lines. However, consistent with models of speciation, assortative mating alone is not sufficient to maintain reproductive isolation when individuals disperse freely between hosts. We conclude that the evolution of reproductive isolation in this system cannot proceed without selection against hybrids. Other possible factors facilitating the evolution of isolation would be longer periods of allopatry, the build up of local adaptation or reduced migration upon secondary contact.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 6, no 1, e14628- p.
speciation, assortative mating, resource preference, Callosobruchus maculatus, experiment
Research subject Biology with specialization in Animal Ecology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-130112DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0014628ISI: 000286834300010PubMedID: 21297947OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-130112DiVA: diva2:346460