A mutated soluble neuropilin-2 B domain antagonizes vascular endothelial growth factor bioactivity and inhibits tumor progression
2010 (English)In: Molecular Cancer Research, ISSN 1541-7786, E-ISSN 1557-3125, Vol. 8, no 8, 1063-1073 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Neuropilins (NRP1 and NRP2) are coreceptors for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and mediate angiogenesis and tumor progression. VEGF binds to the NRP1 and NRP2 B domains. Previously, it was shown that mutagenesis of the soluble NRP2 B domain (MutB-NRP2) increased affinity to VEGF by 8-fold. Here, we show that MutB-NRP2 inhibited (125)I-VEGF binding to NRP1, NRP2, and VEGFR-2. It antagonized VEGF-induced VEGFR-2/NRP2 complex formation and inhibited VEGF-induced activation of AKT, a mediator of cell survival, without affecting activation of VEGFR-2. In three-dimensional embryoid bodies, a model of VEGF-induced angiogenesis, MutB-NRP2 inhibited VEGF-induced sprouting. When overexpressed in human melanoma cells, MutB-NRP2 inhibited tumor growth compared with control tumors. Avastin (bevacizumab), a monoclonal antibody to VEGF, inhibited VEGF interactions with VEGFR-2, but not with NRPs. The combination of MutB-NRP2 and Avastin resulted in an enhanced inhibition of human melanoma tumor growth compared with MutB-NRP2 treatment only or Avastin treatment only. In conclusion, these results indicate that MutB-NRP2 is a novel antagonist of VEGF bioactivity and tumor progression.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 8, no 8, 1063-1073 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-130183DOI: 10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-10-0157ISI: 000280951600001PubMedID: 20651020OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-130183DiVA: diva2:347770