uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Hydrogen as promoter and inhibitor of superionicity: A case study on Li-N-H systems
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
Show others and affiliations
2010 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 82, no 2, 024304- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Materials which possess a high lithium ion conductivity are very attractive for battery and fuel cell applications. Hydrogenation of the fast-ion conductor lithium nitride (Li3N) leads to the formation of lithium imide (Li2NH) and subsequently of lithium amide (LiNH2). Using ab initio molecular dynamics simulations, we carried out a comparative study of the Li diffusion in these three systems. The results demonstrate that hydrogen can work as both promoter and inhibitor of Li mobility, with the lowest transition temperature to the superionic state occurring in Li2NH. Furthermore, we show that the creation of Li vacancies strongly affects Li diffusion in Li3N, but not so in Li2NH. Finally, we explain our findings with the help of a simple model.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 82, no 2, 024304- p.
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-130225DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.82.024304ISI: 000280293100001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-130225DiVA: diva2:348767
Available from: 2010-09-04 Created: 2010-09-04 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Computational Studies of Hydrogen Storage Materials: Physisorbed and Chemisorbed  Systems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Computational Studies of Hydrogen Storage Materials: Physisorbed and Chemisorbed  Systems
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis deals with first-principles calculations based on density functional theory to investigate hydrogen storage related properties in various high-surface area materials and the ground state crystal structures in alkaline earth dicarbide systems.

High-surface area materials have been shown to be very promising for hydrogen storage applications owing to them containing numerous hydrogen adsorption sites and good kinetics for adsorption/desorption. However, one disadvantage of these materials is their very weak interaction with adsorbed hydrogen molecules. Hence, for any feasible applications, the hydrogen interaction energy of these materials must be enhanced.  In metal organic frameworks, approaches for improving the hydrogen interaction energy are opening the metal oxide cluster and decorating hydrogen attracting metals, e.g. Li, at the adsorption sites of the host.  In covalent organic framework-1, the effects of the H2-H2 interaction are also found to play a significant role for enhancing the hydrogen adsorption energy. Moreover, ab initio molecular dynamics simulations reveal that hydrogen molecules can be trapped in the host material due to the blockage from adjacent adsorbed hydrogen molecules.

In light metal hydride systems, hydrogen ions play two different roles, namely they can behave as "promoter" and "inhibitor" of Li diffusion in lithium imide and lithium amide, respectively.  By studying thermodynamics of Li+ and proton diffusions in the mixture between lithium amide and lithium hydride, it was found that Li+ and proton diffusions inside lithium amide are more favorable than those between lithium amide and lithium hydride.

Finally, our results show that the ground state configuration of BeC2 and MgC2 consists of five-membered carbon rings connected through a carbon atom forming an infinitely repeated chain surrounded by Be/Mg ions, whereas the stable crystal structure of the CaC2, SrC2 and BaC2 is the chain type structure, commonly found in the alkaline earth dicarbide systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2010. 90 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 782
Keyword
Density functional theory, Ab initio molecular dynamics, Ab initio random structure searching, Hydrogen storage materials, Alkaline earth dicarbide
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Research subject
Physics with spec. in Atomic, Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-132875 (URN)978-91-554-7933-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-12-10, Å80101, Ångström Laboratory, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
Felaktigt tryckt som Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology 712Available from: 2010-11-19 Created: 2010-10-28 Last updated: 2011-03-21Bibliographically approved
2. Insights into Materials Properties from Ab Initio Theory: Diffusion, Adsorption, Catalysis & Structure
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Insights into Materials Properties from Ab Initio Theory: Diffusion, Adsorption, Catalysis & Structure
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this thesis, density functional theory (DFT) calculations and DFT based ab initio molecular dynamics simulations have been employed in order to gain insights into materials properties like diffusion, adsorption, catalysis, and structure.

In transition metals, absorbed hydrogen atoms self-trap due to localization of metal d-electrons. The self-trapping state is shown to highly influence hydrogen diffusion in the classical over-barrier jump temperature region. Li diffusion in Li-N-H systems is investigated. The diffusion in Li3N is shown to be controlled by the concentration of vacancies. Exchanging one Li for H (Li2NH), gives a system where the diffusion no longer is dependent on the concentrations of vacancies, but instead on N-H rotations. Furthermore, exchanging another Li for H (LiNH2), results in a blockade of Li diffusion. For high-surface area hydrogen storage materials, metal organic frameworks and covalent organic frameworks, the hydrogen adsorption is studied. In metal organic frameworks, a Li-decoration is also suggested as a way to increase the hydrogen adsorption energy. In NaAlH4 doped with transition metals (TM), the hypothesis of TM-Al intermetallic alloys as the main catalytic species is supported. The source of the catalytic effect of carbon nanostructures on hydrogen desorption from NaAlH4 is shown to be the high electronegativity of the carbon nanostructures. A space-group optimized ab initio random structure search method is used to find a new ground state structure for BeC2 and MgC2. The fast change between the amorphous and the crystalline phase of GeSbTe phase-change materials is suggested to be due to the close resemblance between the local amorphous structure and the crystalline structure. Finally, we show that more than 80% of the voltage in the lead acid battery is due to relativistic effects.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2010. 81 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 772
Keyword
Density functional theory, Molecular dynamics, Diffusion, Catalysis, Adsorption, Random structure search, Hydrogen-storage materials, Phase-change materials
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics Condensed Matter Physics
Research subject
Physics with spec. in Atomic, Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-131331 (URN)978-91-554-7907-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-11-12, Siegbansalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
Felaktigt tryckt som Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology 702Available from: 2010-10-21 Created: 2010-09-30 Last updated: 2011-04-04Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Authority records BETA

Scheicher, Ralph HendrikAhuja, Rajeev

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Scheicher, Ralph HendrikAhuja, Rajeev
By organisation
Materials Theory
In the same journal
Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Physical Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 464 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf