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Identification of a novel topoisomerase inhibitor effective in cells overexpressing drug efflux transporters
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical Pharmacology. (Cancer Pharmacology and Informatics/Rolf Larsson)
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2009 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 4, no 10, e7238- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]


Natural product structures have high chemical diversity and are attractive as lead structures for discovery of new drugs. One of the disease areas where natural products are most frequently used as therapeutics is oncology.


A library of natural products (NCI Natural Product set) was screened for compounds that induce apoptosis of HCT116 colon carcinoma cells using an assay that measures an endogenous caspase-cleavage product. One of the apoptosis-inducing compounds identified in the screen was thaspine (taspine), an alkaloid from the South American tree Croton lechleri. The cortex of this tree is used for medicinal purposes by tribes in the Amazonas basin. Thaspine was found to induce conformational activation of the pro-apoptotic proteins Bak and Bax, mitochondrial cytochrome c release and mitochondrial membrane permeabilization in HCT116 cells. Analysis of the gene expression signature of thaspine-treated cells suggested that thaspine is a topoisomerase inhibitor. Inhibition of both topoisomerase I and II was observed using in vitro assays, and thaspine was found to have a reduced cytotoxic effect on a cell line with a mutated topoisomerase II enzyme. Interestingly, in contrast to the topoisomerase II inhibitors doxorubicin, etoposide and mitoxantrone, thaspine was cytotoxic to cell lines overexpressing the PgP or MRP drug efflux transporters. We finally show that thaspine induces wide-spread apoptosis in colon carcinoma multicellular spheroids and that apoptosis is induced in two xenograft mouse models in vivo.


The alkaloid thaspine from the cortex of Croton lechleri is a dual topoisomerase inhibitor effective in cells overexpressing drug efflux transporters and induces wide-spread apoptosis in multicellular spheroids.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 4, no 10, e7238- p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-130314DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0007238PubMedID: 19798419OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-130314DiVA: diva2:349261
Available from: 2010-09-06 Created: 2010-09-06 Last updated: 2012-03-14Bibliographically approved

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