Procoagulant behavior and platelet microparticle generation on nanoporous alumina
2010 (English)In: Journal of biomaterials applications, ISSN 0885-3282, E-ISSN 1530-8022, Vol. 24, no 8, 675-692 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In the present work, we have investigated platelet microparticle(PMP) generation in whole blood after contact with nanoporous alumina.Alumina membranes with pore sizes of 20 and 200nm in diameter were incubated with whole blood and the number of PMP in the fluid phase was determined by flow cytometry. The role of the complement system in PMP generation was investigated using an analog of the potent complement inhibitor compstatin. Moreover, the procoagulant activity of the two pore size membranes were compared by measuring thrombin formation. Results indicated that PMP were not present in the fluid phase after whole blood contact with either of the alumina membranes. However, scanning electron microscope micrographs clearly showed the presence of PMP clusters on the 200nm pore size alumina, while PMP were practically absent on the 20nm membrane. We probed no influence of complement activation in PMP generation and adhesion and we hypothesize that other specific material-related protein–platelet interactions are taking place. A clear difference in procoagulant activity between the membranes could also be seen, 20nm alumina showed 100% higher procoagulant activity than 200nm membrane. By combining surface evaluation and flow cytometry analyses of the fluid phase, we are able to conclude that 200nm pore size alumina promotes PMP generation and adhesion while the 20nm membrane does not appreciably cause any release or adhesion of PMP, thus indicating a direct connection between PMP generation and nanoporosity.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE , 2010. Vol. 24, no 8, 675-692 p.
nanoporous alumina, nanotopography, platelets, platelet microparticles, procoagulant activity, compstatin
Research subject Immunology; Materials Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-130496DOI: 10.1177/0885328209338639ISI: 000277806100001PubMedID: 19581322OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-130496DiVA: diva2:349812