Surface modifications in tribological contacts
2009 (English)In: Wear, ISSN 0043-1648, E-ISSN 1873-2577, Vol. 266, no 3-4, 370-378 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A characteristic of almost any type of dry or boundary lubricated tribological contact is that the composition and tribological properties of the original interface will change during use. The modifications include topography changes (smoothening or roughing), formation of micro-cracks, phase transformations, deformation hardening, formation of oxides, formation of solid films by reactions with lubricant additives, transfer of material from the counter surface, and so on. The thickness of these layers and films range from atomic monolayers (e.g., hydrogen termination of diamond surfaces) to tens of mu m (e.g., plastic deformation of metals). Since the tribological properties of tools, wear parts and mechanical components then are determined by these modified surfaces rather than by the original, they deserve attention and careful assessment. Without the knowledge about how these surface layers are formed and how they modify the tribosystem, it is not possible to predict the friction and wear properties of a material in a given tribological situation. Thus, post-test evaluation including microscopy and analysis of both surfaces and cross-sections is required. A number of surface modifications selected from a wide variety of tribosystems is briefly presented. The corresponding surface modifications range from the most well known and simple to the more complex and relatively unexplored. Finally, the potential of designing materials and lubricants for improved surface modification is discussed and examples are given of current research projects on promoting formation of protecting low-friction tribofilms in boundary-lubricated systems.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 266, no 3-4, 370-378 p.
Tribology, Friction, Wear, Surface modification, Tribofilm
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-130797DOI: 10.1016/j.wear.2008.04.035ISI: 000263217300002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-130797DiVA: diva2:351208