Significance of self-trapping on hydrogen diffusion
2010 (English)In: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, Vol. 105, no 18, 185901- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The diffusion rate of hydrogen in Nb was calculated using ab initio molecular dynamics simulations. At low temperatures the hydrogen is strongly trapped in a local strain field which is caused by the elastic response of the lattice. At elevated temperatures, the residence time (τ) of hydrogen in an interstitial site is not sufficient for fully developing the local strain field. This unbinding of the interstitial hydrogen and the strain field increases the hopping rate (1/τ) at elevated temperatures (>400 K). These results call for a revision of the conceptual framework of diffusion of hydrogen in transition metals at elevated temperatures.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 105, no 18, 185901- p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-131051DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.185901ISI: 000283580400002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-131051DiVA: diva2:352660