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Marae Reflections: On the evolution of stratified chiefdoms in the Leeward Society Islands
Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
Kon-Tiki Museet, Oslo, Norge.
2010 (English)In: Archaeology in Oceania, ISSN 0003-8121, Vol. 45, no 2, 86-93 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Based on archaeological data it is time to re-evaluate the Stratified Chiefdom of the Society Islands. The model was constructed mainly on ethno-historical/ethnological data and has been used extensively, and this social system has been projected back in time, sometimes maybe too far. The question that may be asked is: -What happened during almost 1000 years of settlement in the Society Islands? It is now evident from new archaeological investigations of habitations and marae that the Stratified Chiefdom in the Society Islands was a late development, and that the society went through several changes over time. Therefore, we need to discuss earlier existences of Traditional Chiefdoms and/or Open Chiefdoms in the Society Islands, if using the terminology developed by Goldman on chiefly organizations identified in other parts of Polynesia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sydney: University of Sydney , 2010. Vol. 45, no 2, 86-93 p.
Keyword [en]
Polynesia, Society Islands, marae, chronology, chiefdoms
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:hgo:diva-652OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hgo-652DiVA: diva2:353356
Identity Matters: Movement and Place
Available from: 2010-09-26 Created: 2010-09-26 Last updated: 2013-07-01Bibliographically approved

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