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Land reforms and territorial integration in post-Tsarist Estonia, 1918-1940
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
2010 (English)In: Journal of Historical Geography, ISSN 0305-7488, E-ISSN 1095-8614, Vol. 36, no 4, 441-452 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

After the declaration of independence in 1918, the Estonian government initiated a number of land reforms within a relatively short period of time. Although the reforms varied in aim, they led to similar outcomes in terms of the status and structure of landed properties. This paper explores, first, how the land reforms transformed a diversity of tenure systems into a coherent property regime, and second, how the reforms related to the political discussion on the proper spatial organization of land rights in Estonia. I argue that an important aim of the reforms was to contribute to the spatial and cultural consolidation of the new nation. The paper places the land reforms in a geopolitical context, proposing that the land reforms served to fend off a number of real and perceived threats to territorial integration. The paper is based on statements by politicians and intellectuals of the time, and on land reform records stored in Estonian State Archive.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 36, no 4, 441-452 p.
Keyword [en]
Enclosure, Estonia, Land reform, Nation-building, Petserimaa, Property rights
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-131185DOI: 10.1016/j.jhg.2010.03.005ISI: 000284856300008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-131185DiVA: diva2:353480
Available from: 2010-09-27 Created: 2010-09-27 Last updated: 2011-12-13Bibliographically approved

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Maandi, Peeter
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