Relativity and the lead–acid battery
2011 (English)In: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, Vol. 106, no 1, 018301- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The energies of the solid reactants in the lead-acid battery are calculated ab initio using two different basis sets at nonrelativistic, scalar-relativistic, and fully relativistic levels, and using several exchange-correlation potentials. The average calculated standard voltage is 2.13 V, compared with the experimental value of 2.11 V. All calculations agree in that 1.7-1.8 V of this standard voltage arise from relativistic effects, mainly from PbO2 but also from PbSO4.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 106, no 1, 018301- p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-131330DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.106.018301ISI: 000286751300017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-131330DiVA: diva2:354103