Expression of ghrelin is correlated to good outcome in invasive breast cancer
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Purpose: Expression of the peptide hormones ghrelin and obestatin has previously been demonstrated in human mammary glands. However, the clinical implications of the expression of these peptides in breast cancer are unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential clinical value of ghrelin and obestatin as breast cancer biomarkers.
Experimental Design: A tissue microarray containing breast cancer specimens from 144 patients was immunostained with antibodies versus ghrelin and obestatin. The expression of the two peptides was evaluated and correlated to previously known prognostic factors in breast cancer and to the outcome. Cox-regression analysis was used to assess whether these markers may predict survival status of breast cancer patients.
Results: Moderate to strong immunoreactivity for ghrelin and obestatin was observed in 71.5% and 77.1% of the cases, respectively. Ghrelin and obestatin expression was significantly but weakly correlated to low histological grade, estrogen receptor positivity, small tumor size and low proliferation. In both uni- and multivariate analyses ghrelin expression was correlated to significantly better recurrence-free and breast cancer-specific survival. Reproducibility between the two readers was very good for both stainings with kappa values of 0.94-1.00.
Conclusion: Patients with tumors expressing ghrelin had 2-3 times lower risk for recurrence or breast cancer death than those lacking ghrelin expression. Ghrelin expression is easily assessable with high reproducibility using immunohistochemistry. Further investigations are needed to establish the clinical significance of ghrelin as a biomarker in breast cancer.
breast cancer, ghrelin, mammary gland, obestatin
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject Endocrinology and Diabetology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-129500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-129500DiVA: diva2:354739
ProjectsExpression of neuroendocrine markers in normal and neoplastic tissue with an emphasis on ghrelin and obestatin