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Thiol oxidation by 2,2'-dithiodipyridine causes a reversible increase in cytoplasmic free Ca2+ concentration in pancreatic beta-cells: Role for inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-sensitive Ca2+ stores
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Internal Medicine.
1997 (English)In: Biochemical Journal, ISSN 0264-6021, E-ISSN 1470-8728, Vol. 321, no Pt 2, 347-354 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

2,2'-Dithiodipyridine (2,2'-DTDP), a reactive disulphide that mobilizes Ca2+ from ryanodine-sensitive Ca2+ stores in muscle, induced a biphasic increase in cytoplasmic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in pancreatic beta-cells loaded with fura 2. This increase consisted of an early transient followed by a second, slower, rise. The [Ca2+]i transient was dependent on extracellular Ca2+ and disappeared on treatment with nimodipine. The reactive disulphide caused plasma membrane depolarization, as studied by the perforated-patch configuration of the patch-clamp technique. Hence membrane depolarization and opening of the L-type voltage-gated Ca2+ channels were responsible for the first transient in [Ca2+]i. The second slower increase in [Ca2+]i was prolonged but readily reversed by the disulphide-reducing agent 1,4-dithiothreitol. This increase in [Ca2+]i was not decreased by nimodipine or by omission of extracellular Ca2+, but was eliminated when the Ins(1,4,5)P3-sensitive Ca2+ pool was first depleted by carbachol. Ryanodine or its beta-alanyl analogue did not release Ca2+ from intracellular stores, and a high concentration of ryanodine did not inhibit Ca2+ release by 2,2'-DTDP. The disulphide compound suppressed glucose metabolism and decreased the mitochondrial inner-membrane potential. We conclude that thiol oxidation by 2,2'-DTDP affects Ca2+ homeostasis in beta-cells by multiple mechanisms. However, unlike the situation in muscle, in beta-cells 2,2'-DTDP releases Ca2+ from intracellular pools by mechanisms that do not involve activation of ryanodine receptors. Instead, in these cells the Ins(1,4,5)P3-sensitive intracellular Ca2+ store comprises an alternative target for the Ca(2+)-mobilizing action of the reactive disulphide compound.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 321, no Pt 2, 347-354 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-132294PubMedID: 9020865OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-132294DiVA: diva2:357444
Available from: 2010-10-18 Created: 2010-10-18 Last updated: 2010-10-28Bibliographically approved

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