Ventilation-perfusion distributions and gas exchange during carbon dioxide-pneumoperitoneum in a porcine model
2010 (English)In: British Journal of Anaesthesia, ISSN 0007-0912, E-ISSN 1471-6771, Vol. 105, no 5, 691-697 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: /st> Carbon dioxide (CO(2))-pneumoperitoneum (PP) of 12 mm Hg increases arterial oxygenation, but it also promotes collapse of dependent lung regions. This seeming paradox prompted the present animal study on the effects of PP on ventilation-perfusion distribution (V/Q) and gas exchange. METHODS: /st> Fourteen anaesthetized pigs were studied. In seven pigs, single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) was used for spatial analysis of ventilation and perfusion distributions, and in another seven pigs, multiple inert gas elimination technique (MIGET) was used for detailed analysis of V/Q matching. SPECT/MIGET and central haemodynamics and pulmonary gas exchange were recorded during anaesthesia before and 60 min after induction of PP. RESULTS: /st> SPECT during PP showed no or only poorly ventilated regions in the dependent lung compared with the ventilation distribution during anaesthesia before PP. PP was accompanied by redistribution of blood flow away from the non- or poorly ventilated regions. V/Q analysis by MIGET showed decreased shunt from 9 (sd 2) to 7 (2)% after induction of PP (P<0.05). No regions of low V/Q were seen either before or during PP. Almost no regions of high V/Q developed during PP (1% of total ventilation). Pa(o(2)) increased from 33 (1.2) to 35.7 (3.2) kPa (P<0.01) and arterial to end-tidal Pco(2) gradient (Pae'(co(2))) increased from 0.3 (0.1) to 0.6 (0.2) kPa (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: /st> Perfusion was redistributed away from dorsal, collapsed lung regions when PP was established. This resulted in a better V/Q match. A possible mechanism is enhanced hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 105, no 5, 691-697 p.
blood flow, gas exchange, laparoscopy, lung, measurement techniques, model, pig, respiratory, surgery
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-132501DOI: 10.1093/bja/aeq211ISI: 000283119200020PubMedID: 20693177OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-132501DiVA: diva2:358171