Lung recruitment and positive end-expiratory pressure have different effects on CO2 elimination in healthy and sick lungs
2010 (English)In: Anesthesia and Analgesia, ISSN 0003-2999, E-ISSN 1526-7598, Vol. 111, no 4, 968-977 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: We studied the effects that the lung recruitment maneuver (RM) and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) have on the elimination of CO(2) per breath (Vtco(2,br)). METHODS: In 7 healthy and 7 lung-lavaged pigs at constant ventilation, PEEP was increased from 0 to 18 cm H(2)O and then decreased to 0 in steps of 6 cm H(2)O every 10 minutes. Cycling RMs with plateau pressure/PEEP of 40/20 (healthy) and 50/25 (lavaged) cm H(2)O were applied for 2 minutes between 18-PEEP steps. Volumetric capnography, respiratory mechanics, blood gas, and hemodynamic data were recorded. RESULTS: In healthy lungs before the RM, Vtco(2,br) was inversely proportional to PEEP decreasing from 4.0 (3.6-4.4) mL (median and interquartile range) at 0-PEEP to 3.1 (2.8-3.4) mL at 18-PEEP (P < 0.05). After the RM, Vtco(2,br) increased from 3.3 (3-3.6) mL at 18-PEEP to 4.0 (3.5-4.5) mL at 0-PEEP (P < 0.05). In lavaged lungs before the RM, Vtco(2,br) increased initially from 2.0 (1.7-2.3) mL at 0-PEEP to 2.6 (2.2-3) mL at 12-PEEP (P < 0.05) but then decreased to 2.4 (2-2.8) mL when PEEP was increased further to 18 cm H(2)O (P < 0.05). After the RM, the highest Vtco(2,br) of 2.9 (2.1-3.7) mL was observed at 12-PEEP and then decreased to 2.5 (1.9-3.1) mL at 0-PEEP (P < 0.05). Vtco(2,br) was directly related to changes in lung perfusion, the area of gas exchange, and alveolar ventilation but inversely related to changes in dead space. CONCLUSIONS: CO(2) elimination by the lungs was dependent on PEEP and recruitment and showed major differences between healthy and lavaged lungs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 111, no 4, 968-977 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-132503DOI: 10.1213/ANE.0b013e3181f0c2daISI: 000282310200025PubMedID: 20705790OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-132503DiVA: diva2:358176