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Influence from breathing pattern on alcohol and tracer gas expirograms: Implications for alcolock use
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical Physiology.
2011 (English)In: Forensic Science International, ISSN 0379-0738, E-ISSN 1872-6283, Vol. 206, no 1-3, 52-57 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Measurement of breath alcohol concentration is strongly influenced by timing and the breathing pattern. In particular, shallow expiration and hyperventilation leads to underestimation of the breath alcohol concentration. In the present study, expirograms of alcohol, water and carbon dioxide were recorded in 30 healthy individuals at various breathing manoeuvres (tidal volume, slow maximum and vital capacity expiration, breath holding, and hyperventilation). Estimation of the end expiratory alcohol concentration with the use of simultaneously measured carbon dioxide was shown to reverse the tendency of underestimation at shallow expiration and hyperventilation. These findings indicate that breath alcohol estimations can be performed at shorter expiration time and reduced expired volume compared to existing alcolocks. This is believed to improve their usability and to prevent a possible route for manipulation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 206, no 1-3, 52-57 p.
Keyword [en]
Breath alcohol analysis, Expirogram, Provocative breathing, Test subject study
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-132504DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2010.06.016ISI: 000288200400033PubMedID: 20619980OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-132504DiVA: diva2:358178
Available from: 2010-10-21 Created: 2010-10-21 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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