Growth kinetics, properties, performance and stability of ALD Zn-Sn-O buffer layers for Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
A new ALD process is developed for deposition of Zn-Sn-O buffer layers for Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells with tetrakis(dimethylamino) tin, Sn(N(CH3)2)4, diethyl zinc, Zn(C5H5)2 and water, H2O. The new process gives excellent control of thickness and [Sn]/([Sn]+[Zn]) ratio of the films. The Zn-Sn-O films are amorphous as found by grazing incidence x-ray diffraction, have a high resistivity, show a low density compared to ZnO and SnOx and have a transmittance loss that is smeared out over a wide wavelength interval. Good solar cell performance is achieved for [Sn]/([Sn]+[Zn]) ratios determined to be 0.15 – 0.21 by Rutherford backscattering. The champion solar cell with a Zn-Sn-O buffer layer has an efficiency of 15.3 % (Voc = 653 mV, Jsc(QE) = 31.8 mA/cm2 and FF = 73.8 %) compared to 15.1 % (Voc = 663 mV, Jsc(QE) = 30.1 mA/cm2 and FF = 75.8 %) of the best reference solar cell with a CdS buffer layer. There is a strong lightsoaking effect that saturates after a few minutes for solar cells with Zn-Sn-O buffer layers after storage in the dark. Stability was tested by 1000 h of dry heat storage in darkness at 85 °C, where Zn-Sn-O buffer layers with a thickness of 76 nm, did retain their initial value after a few minutes of light soaking.
Zn-Sn-O; Cu(In, Ga)Se2; buffer layer; atomic layer deposition
Condensed Matter Physics
Research subject Engineering Science with specialization in Solid State Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-133100OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-133100DiVA: diva2:360125