Longitudinal study of RNA-based prognostic markers in chronic lymphocytic leukemia reveals LPL as the most stable
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Several genes display differential expression in prognostic subsets in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), including LPL, TCL1, ZAP70 and MCL1. CLL patients commonly have an indolent course with low stage disease and long survival, and in this study we aimed to investigate the stability of RNA-based prognostic markers in such an indolent cohort over time. mRNA expression of LPL, TCL1, ZAP70 and MCL1 was measured in sequential unsorted samples obtained from 96 CLL patients at both diagnosis and a median follow-up of seven years. LPL was the only RNA-based marker that did not demonstrate any significant changes in expression in diagnostic vs. follow-up samples. Furthermore, an 82% concordance between both time-points was observed when grouping cases based on high or low expression. LPL expression was not affected by treatment and in addition, LPL expression in follow-up samples could predict overall survival. In contrast, TCL1 expression was found to increase at follow-up, especially in cases displaying low expression at diagnosis. As TCL1 promotes cell survival this increase could possibly be of importance for progression of the disease. Both ZAP70 and MCL1 mRNA expression were found to vary significantly during the disease course. In summary, using unsorted CLL samples, we have demonstrated that LPL is superior to other RNA-based markers based on stability over time. These findings fully endorse the use of LPL analysis at any time point of the disease.
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia, prognostic markers, RNA-based markers, LPL, longitudinal
Medical Genetics Hematology
Research subject Medical Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-133249OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-133249DiVA: diva2:360660