Extraction of Antioxidants from Spruce (Picea abies) Bark using Eco-Friendly Solvents
2012 (English)In: Phytochemical Analysis, ISSN 0958-0344, E-ISSN 1099-1565, Vol. 23, no 1, 1-11 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Introduction-Antioxidants are known to avert oxidation processes and they are found in trees and other plant materials. Tree bark is a major waste product from paper pulp industries; hence it is worthwhile to develop an extraction technique to extract the antioxidants.
Objective- To develop a fast and environmentally sustainable extraction technique for the extraction of antioxidants from bark of spruce (Picea abies) and also to identify the extracted antioxidants that are abundant in spruce bark.
Methodology- A screening experiment that involved three different techniques, was conducted to determine the best technique to extract antioxidants.The antioxidant capacity of the extracts was determined with DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-2’-picrylhydrazyl) assay. Pressurised fluid extraction (PFE) turned out to be the best technique and a response surface design was therefore utilised to optimise PFE. Furthermore, NMR and HPLC-DAD-MS/MS were applied to identify the extracted antioxidants.
Results- PFE using water and ethanol as solvent at 160 and 180°C, respectively, gave extracts of the highest antioxidant capacity. Stilbene glucosides such as isorhapontin, piceid and astringin were identified in the extracts.
Conclusion-The study has shown that PFE is a fast and environmentally sustainable technique, using water and ethanol as solvent for the extraction of antioxidants from spruce bark.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2012. Vol. 23, no 1, 1-11 p.
Accelerated solvent extraction, antioxidant, DPPH, ethanol, Picea abies, pressurised fluid extraction, supercritical fluid extraction, water
Other Basic Medicine
Research subject Analytical Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-133267DOI: 10.1002/pca.1316ISI: 000298260100001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-133267DiVA: diva2:360759
FunderSwedish Research Council