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Horeb Revisited: Reflections on the Theophany in 1 Kings 19
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, Old and New Testament Exegesis, Old Testament Exegesis.
2011 (English)In: Enigmas and Images: Studies in Honor of Tryggve N. D. Mettinger / [ed] Göran Eidevall & Blazenka Scheuer, Winona Lakes, Indiana: Eisenbrauns , 2011, 92-111 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Almost all studies on the “Elijah at Horeb” narrative in 1 Kings 19 have one thing in common: the assumption that this story conveys a profound theological message. But which one? The suggestions are manifold, and sometimes strongly divergent. In this study, the various theories propounded by scholars are grouped under three headings: a) polemics against Ba‘al, b) a new image of Yhwh, and c) a lesson for Elijah. After a brief discussion of these theories, an alternative interpretation is outlined, focusing on the most likely function (rather than message) of the passage 1 Kgs 19:11-13a within its literary context. According to the analysis presented here, the theophany in 1 Kings 19 serves as a demonstration of divine power and presence. The enig­matic phrase qôl děmāmâ daqqâ describes Elijah’s auditive experience of a sud­den stillness after the storm: the thin sound of the cessation of all movement. This signifies that ÝHWH can control the powers of chaos. The main function of the theophany within the narrative is to support and encou­rage a prophet in crisis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Winona Lakes, Indiana: Eisenbrauns , 2011. 92-111 p.
, Coniectanea Biblica Old Testament Series, ISSN 0069-8954 ; 58
Keyword [en]
theophany, Elijah, image, god, Gottesbild, silence, voice, Horeb
National Category
Religious Studies
Research subject
Old Testament Exegesis
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-133650ISBN: 978-1-57506-813-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-133650DiVA: diva2:369865
Available from: 2010-11-12 Created: 2010-11-12 Last updated: 2011-03-23Bibliographically approved

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