In-stream energy converters in a river: Effects on upstream hydropower station
2011 (English)In: Renewable energy, ISSN 0960-1481, E-ISSN 1879-0682, Vol. 36, no 1, 399-404 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The use of in-stream energy converters in rivers is an area of research that is still in its preliminary stages. The driving force of river flows is the potential energy the water gains when it precipitates on mountainsides, and this energy is traditionally converted by hydropower stations, where dams are used to create a larger head. Using an in-stream energy converter would be advantageous in areas restricted by regulation. In this paper the effects of using these converters on the upstream water level in a river are studied. This has been done both with an analytical model and with a numerical model. The analytical model described the water level increase due to energy capture to depend on how large fraction of the channel that is blocked by the turbine. It was also shown that as the converter induces drag on the flow, and as energy is lost in wake mixing, the total head loss will be a sum of energy capture and energy losses. The losses correspond to a considerable fraction of the total head drop. The numerical model was used to evaluate these results. The model used was the 3D numerical model MIKE from the DHI Group in Sweden. Turbines were modelled with an inbuilt function in the program. The results from the model did not correspond to the analytical results, as the energy capture was equal to the head drop in the program. (c) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 36, no 1, 399-404 p.
Numerical model, In-stream energy converters, Hydrokinetic energy, Hydropower
Engineering and Technology
Research subject Engineering Science with specialization in Science of Electricity
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-133581DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2010.05.019ISI: 000282845000047OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-133581DiVA: diva2:370310