Ethnic segregation and performance inequality in the Swedish school system: a regional perspective
2010 (English)In: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 42, no 11, 2674-2686 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Sweden is today an immigrant country with more than 14% foreign born. An increasing share of the immigrants comes from non-European countries. This implies that Sweden has been transformed from an ethnically homogenous country into a country with a large visible minority. In this paper we survey the effect of this change on school segregation. Building on Schelling's model for residential segregation, we argue that establishment of a visible minority has triggered a process of school segregation that in some respects can be compared with the developments in the United States. In order to test the validity of a Schelling-type process in Swedish schools we compare segregation levels in regions with different shares of visible minority students.We use data from the PISA 2003 survey in combination with register data on the ethnic composition of student population in different parts of Sweden. We find that school segregation is higher in regions with a large visible-minority population.We also find that, controlling for student background, there are smaller differences in performance across schools in regions with low shares of minority students.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 42, no 11, 2674-2686 p.
Research subject Social and Economic Geography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-133939DOI: 10.1068/a43120ISI: 000285705800008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-133939DiVA: diva2:370970