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Oxidative stress and airway inflammation after allergen challenge evaluated by exhaled breath condensate analysis
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2010 (English)In: Clinical and Experimental Allergy, ISSN 0954-7894, E-ISSN 1365-2222, Vol. 40, no 11, 1642-1647 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Allergen exposure may increase airway oxidative stress, which causes lipid membrane peroxidation and an increased formation of 8-isoprostane. Objective The aim of the study was to investigate oxidative stress induced by allergen challenge in mild asthmatics, by measuring 8-isoprostane in exhaled breath condensate (EBC), and to examine their relationship with mediators derived from arachidonic acid. Methods 8-isoprostane, cysteinyl leukotrienes (cys-LTs) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE(2)) concentrations in EBC were measured at baseline and after allergen challenge in 12 patients with mild allergic asthma sensitized to cat allergen. Results At 24 h after allergen challenge, compared with baseline values, EBC 8-isoprostane increased [48.64 pg/mL (44.14-53.61) vs. 21.56 pg/mL (19.92, 23.35), P < 0.001], cys-LTs increased [27.37 pg/mL (24.09-31.10) vs. 13.28 pg/mL (11.32, 15.57), P < 0.001] and PGE(2) decreased [18.69 pg/mL (12.26, 28.50) vs. 39.95 pg/mL (34.37, 46.43), P < 0.001]. The trend of increasing 8-isoprostane after allergen challenge was significantly correlated with the trend of increasing cys-LTs (R2=0.85, P < 0.001) whereas the trend of decreasing PGE(2) after allergen challenge was significantly correlated with the trend of increasing cys-LTs (R2=0.52, P=0.001). Conclusions and Clinical Relevance The increase in EBC 8-isoprostane observed after allergen challenge indicates that allergen exposure increases airway oxidative stress in allergic asthma. The strict correlation between cys-LTs and 8-isoprostane underlines the relationship between allergic inflammation and oxidative stress. A shift of arachidonic acid metabolism towards lipoxygenase pathway is induced by the allergen challenge. Airway oxidative stress occurs after allergen challenge even in patients with mild intermittent allergic asthma.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 40, no 11, 1642-1647 p.
Keyword [en]
8-isoprostane, allergen challenge, asthma, exhaled breath condensate
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-134168DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2222.2010.03604.xISI: 000282881500007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-134168DiVA: diva2:371820
Available from: 2010-11-22 Created: 2010-11-22 Last updated: 2010-11-22Bibliographically approved

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