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Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire and Clinical Impairment Assessment Questionnaire: General population and clinical norms for young adult women in Sweden
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2011 (English)In: Behaviour Research and Therapy, ISSN 0005-7967, E-ISSN 1873-622X, Vol. 49, no 2, 85-91 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Optimal use of assessment instruments for the detection and diagnosis of eating disorders (ED) depends on the availability of normative data. The aim of this work was to, for the first time, collect norms for both the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) and the newly developed Clinical Impairment Assessment (CIA) Scale from a general population of young women in Sweden, as well as from a clinical population of ED patients in Sweden. Participants were composed of both a randomized sample from the general population of women aged 18-30 years (N = 760) as well as from a clinical population aged 18-66 years (N = 2383). Data for the clinical population was extracted from the Stepwise database. Mean scores, standard deviations and percentile ranks for the global for the EDE-Q (as well as its subscales) and the CIA are presented. Prevalence figures of key eating disorder behaviors are also reported. Comparisons are made between the results in the present study with other existing normative studies on the EDE-Q and the CIA. The present study contributes to improving the accuracy of the interpretation of scores of the widely used self-report measure of ED, the EDE-Q, and the CIA, both of which play important roles in for diagnosis, prevention and intervention of ED.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 49, no 2, 85-91 p.
Keyword [en]
Anorexia nervosa, Bulimia nervosa, Eating disorders, Norms
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-134309DOI: 10.1016/j.brat.2010.10.010ISI: 000287293800001PubMedID: 21185552OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-134309DiVA: diva2:372190
Available from: 2010-11-24 Created: 2010-11-24 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Eating Disorders: Steps Towards an Increased Understanding
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Eating Disorders: Steps Towards an Increased Understanding
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Eating disorders and disordered eating attitudes and behaviors are characterized by an over-evaluation of weight and shape, under or over-controlled eating, as well as engagement in compensatory behaviors. The disorders are associated with psychological suffering, acute and long-term health impairments, a high rate of suicide attempts as well as an increased risk of mortality. Knowledge regarding the etiology of eating disorders is limited and based on current models it is not possible to adequately predict either who will get an eating disorder or who will recover. This lack of understanding has hindered the development of effective prevention and treatment interventions.

The aim of the present thesis was to contribute towards an increased understanding of eating disorders and disordered eating attitudes and behavior through the collection of norms and psychometric data, investigation of risk factors and their roles, and focusing on the understudied group of males with eating disorders. Five studies were included. Specifically, Study I focused on collecting general population and clinical norms on the well-established Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) and the Clinical Impairment Assessment Questionnaire (CIA). Study II both collected general population norms on, and investigated psychometric properties of, the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ-8C), an instrument intended to assess body dissatisfaction. Study III focused on the role of perfectionism (an established risk factor for eating disorders) as a possible mediator or moderator between body dissatisfaction and disordered eating behavior and attitudes. Finally, in Study IV and V attention was placed on males. In Study IV the specific aim was to compare the clinical characteristics between young males and females with eating disorders while in study V the specific aim was to explore variables associated with disordered eating among young males based on a compilation of factors known to play a role among females as well as factors thought to be uniquely associated with males, such as sexual orientation and drive for muscularity. A greater understanding of eating disorders will help reduce the stigma that is associated with eating disorders, easing the way for affected individuals to seek help and ultimately improve the development of effective prevention and intervention.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2014. 74 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Social Sciences, ISSN 1652-9030 ; 95
Keyword
Eating disorders, disordered eating, norms, perfectionism, mediator, moderator, males
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-220951 (URN)978-91-554-8917-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-05-16, Betty Pettersson-salen, von Kraemers Allé 1A, Uppsala, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-04-24 Created: 2014-03-24 Last updated: 2015-04-23

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Welch, ElisabethParling, ThomasGhaderi, Ata

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