Complex edge effects in zigzag graphene nanoribbons due to hydrogen loading
2010 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 82, no 16, 165405- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We have performed density-functional calculations as well as employed a tight-binding theory, to study the effect of passivation of zigzag graphene nanoribbons (ZGNR) by hydrogen. We show that each edge C atom bonded with 2 H atoms open up a gap and destroys magnetism for small widths of the nanoribbon. However, a re-entrant magnetism accompanied by a metallic electronic structure is observed from eight rows and thicker nanoribbons. The electronic structure and magnetic state are quite complex for this type of termination, with sp(3) bonded edge atoms being nonmagnetic whereas the nearest neighboring atoms are metallic and magnetic. We have also evaluated the phase stability of several thicknesses of ZGNR and demonstrate that sp(3) bonded edge atoms with 2 H atoms at the edge can be stabilized over 1 H atom terminated edge at high temperatures and pressures.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 82, no 16, 165405- p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-134336DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.82.165405ISI: 000282422700005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-134336DiVA: diva2:372483