uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Reconciling the Past and the Present: Evaluationg Dayton Peace Accords 1995
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre. (The Balkan Research Group)
2009 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Th is study sets out to examine what lessons can be learned from the

General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Th e

Dayton Peace Agreement) 1995, with particular relevance to inter-ethnic

reconciliation. Th e author conducted his fi eldwork in Sarajevo during

May, 2009, complementing these fi ndings with materials and information

collected during his previous visits to Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The study identifies a number of important lessons, and presents them

in relation to the process of negotiations, designing of provisions, and

implementation of the agreement. Regarding the process, the study

suggests that those organising the negotiations should strive to coordinate

their eff orts in order to avoid duplications and internal confl icts.

Furthermore, the paper calls for caution regarding power negotiations

that are modelled on the exclusion of one or a few main parties to the

confl icts. In relation to the key provision – reconciliation – one should

not neglect local practices of power-sharing and societal organization

that traditionally served as pillars of peaceful inter-group coexistence.

Imposition of external models that are not in line with local political

and societal traditions may rub inter-ethnic relations and negatively

aff ect long-term reconciliation. Regarding the implementation phase,

two key lessons are highlighted. First, for a successful implementation

it is essential to have clear goal and to work with realistic deadlines for

implementations. Unrealistic deadlines may create wrong incentives for

the primary parties implementing the agreement. Secondly, if provisions

include external supervision of the implementation of the agreement, one

should consider how this would aff ect domestic ownership of the process.

In such an environment, various reconciliatory measures, regardless of

how well intended they may be, stand little chance of immediate success.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York and Uppsala: United Nations and Department of Peace and Conflict Research , 2009. , 61 p.
Keyword [en]
Bosnia-Herzegovina, Dayton Peace Agreement, US, UN, Contact Group, negotations, peace agreement, reconciliation
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-134627ISBN: 978-91-506-2103-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-134627DiVA: diva2:373103
Available from: 2010-11-30 Created: 2010-11-30 Last updated: 2013-01-09

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

By organisation
The Hugo Valentin Centre
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Total: 121 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link