Gradient based intensity normalization
2010 (English)In: Journal of Microscopy, ISSN 0022-2720, E-ISSN 1365-2818, Vol. 240, no 3, 249-258 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Intensity normalization is important in quantitative image analysis, especially when extracting features based on intensity. In automated microscopy, particularly in large cellular screening experiments, each image contains objects of similar type (e.g. cells) but the object density (number and size of the objects) may vary markedly from image to image. Standard intensity normalization methods, such as matching the grey-value histogram of an image to a target histogram from, i.e. a reference image, only work well if both object type and object density are similar in the images to be matched. This is typically not the case in cellular screening and many other types of images where object type varies little from image to image, but object density may vary dramatically. In this paper, we propose an improved form of intensity normalization which uses grey-value as well as gradient information. This method is very robust to differences in object density. We compare and contrast our method with standard histogram normalization across a range of image types, and show that the modified procedure performs much better when object density varies between images.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 240, no 3, 249-258 p.
Bivariate histogram, Gradient magnitude, Histogram matching, Intensity normalization
Computer Vision and Robotics (Autonomous Systems)
Research subject Computerized Image Analysis
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-134768DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2818.2010.03415.xISI: 000284278400008PubMedID: 21077885OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-134768DiVA: diva2:373581