The Multivariate Concentric Square Field Test Reveals Behavioral Profiles of Risk Taking, Exploration, and Cognitive Impairment in Mice Subjected to Traumatic Brain Injury
2010 (English)In: Journal of Neurotrauma, ISSN 0897-7151, E-ISSN 1557-9042, Vol. 27, no 9, 1643-1655 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
There is a need for more efficient tests to evaluate functional outcome following experimental traumatic brain injury (TBI), reflecting deficits in cognitive, sensory, and motor functions that are seen in TBI patients. The Multivariate Concentric Square Field (TM) (MCSF) test is a relatively new behavioral model that measures exploration, risk taking, risk assessment, and shelter seeking, all of which are evolutionarily-conserved strategies for survival. The multivariate design enables scoring of different functional domains in a single test situation, with a free choice of optional environmental settings. Furthermore, repeated trials permits cognitive effects to be measured. In the present study, 11 anesthetized C57BL6 mice received controlled cortical injury (CCI) (0.5mm and 3.3 m/sec) over the right parietal cerebral cortex or sham surgery (n - 12). Naive mice (n 12) not subjected to any surgical procedure were also included. The animals were evaluated in the MCSF test at 2 and 7 days post-surgery, and behavioral profiles were analyzed. The results revealed differences in risk taking and explorative behavior between the sham animals and the animals subjected to trauma. Animals subjected to trauma were characterized by taking more risks and had a higher level of exploration activity, but they sought less shelter. Repeated exposure to the MCSF caused a general decrease in activity in the naive and sham group, while a more specific behavioral impairment was seen in injured mice, suggesting cognitive dysfunction. We submit that the MCSF test is a useful complementary tool for functional outcome evaluation in experimental TBI.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 27, no 9, 1643-1655 p.
cognition, functional outcome, mouse, Multivariate Concentric Square Field Test, traumatic brain injury
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-134829DOI: 10.1089/neu.2009.0953ISI: 000281796500011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-134829DiVA: diva2:373927