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Endothelial LSP1 is involved in endothelial dome formation, minimizing vascular permeability changes during neutrophil transmigration in vivo
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2011 (English)In: Blood, ISSN 0006-4971, E-ISSN 1528-0020, Vol. 117, no 3, 942-952 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The endothelium actively participates in neutrophil migration out of the vasculature via dynamic, cytoskeleton-dependent rearrangements leading to the formation of transmigratory cups in vitro, and to domes that completely surround the leukocyte in vivo. Leukocyte-specific protein 1 (LSP1), an F-actin-binding protein recently shown to be in the endothelium, is critical for effective transmigration, although the mechanism has remained elusive. Herein we show that endothelial LSP1 is expressed in the nucleus and cytosol of resting endothelial cells and associates with the cytoskeleton upon endothelial activation. Two-photon microscopy revealed that endothelial LSP1 was crucial for the formation of endothelial domes in vivo in response to neutrophil chemokine keratinocyte-derived chemokine (KC) as well as in response to endogenously produced chemokines stimulated by cytokines (tumor necrosis factor α [TNFα] or interleukin-1β [IL-1β]). Endothelial domes were significantly reduced in Lsp1-/- compared with wildtype (WT) mice. Lsp1-/- animals not only showed impaired neutrophil emigration after KC and TNFα stimulation, but also had disproportionate increases in vascular permeability. We demonstrate that endothelial LSP1 is recruited to the cytoskeleton in inflammation and plays an important role in forming endothelial domes thereby regulating neutrophil transendothelial migration. The permeability data may underscore the physiologic relevance of domes and the role for LSP1 in endothelial barrier integrity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 117, no 3, 942-952 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-134858DOI: 10.1182/blood-2010-02-270561ISI: 000286426300027PubMedID: 21030556OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-134858DiVA: diva2:373957
Swedish Research Council, 57P-20680, 57x-20675
Available from: 2010-12-02 Created: 2010-12-02 Last updated: 2014-10-29Bibliographically approved

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