Free-Radical Ring Closure to Conformationally Locked alpha-L-Carba-LNAs and Synthesis of Their Oligos: Nuclease Stability, Target RNA Specificity, and Elicitation of RNase H
2010 (English)In: Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 0022-3263, E-ISSN 1520-6904, Vol. 75, no 18, 6122-6140 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A new class of conformationally constrained nucleosides, alpha-L-ribo-carbocyclic LNA thymidine (alpha-L-carba-LNA-T, LNA is an abbreviation of locked nucleic acid) analogues and a novel "double-locked" alpha-L-ribo-configured tetracyche thymidine (6,7'-methylene-bridged-alpha-L-carba-LNA-T) in which both the sugar puckering and glyeosidic torsion are simultaneously constrained, have been synthesized through a key step involving 5-exo free-radical intramolecular cyclization. These alpha-L-carba-LNA analogues have been subsequently transformed to corresponding phosphoramidites and incorporated into isosequential antisense oligonucleotides (AONs), which have then been examined for the thermal denaturation of their duplexes, nuclease stability, and RNase H recruitment capabilities. Introduction of a single 6',7'-substituted alpha-L-carba-LNA-T modification in the AON strand of AON/RNA heteroduplex led to T-m reduction by 2-3 degrees C as compared to the native heteroduplex, whereas the parent 2'-oxa-alpha-L-LNA-T modification at the identical position in the AON strand has been found to lead to an increase in the T-m by 3-5 degrees C. This suggests that the 6' and 7' substitutions lead to much reduced thermal stability for the modified heteroduplex, especially the hydrophobic 7'-methyl on alpha-L-carba-LNA, which is located in the major groove of the duplex. All of the AONs incorporating 6',7'-substituted alpha-L-earba-LNA-T have, however, showed considerably improved nuclease stability toward 3'-exonuclease (SVPDE) and in human blood serum compared to the 2'-oxa-alpha-L-LNA-T incorporated AONs. The hybrid duplexes that are formed by 6',7'-substituted alpha-L-carba-LNA-T-modified AONs with complementary RNA have been found to recruit RNase H with higher efficiency than those of the beta-D-LNA-T or beta-D-carba-LNA-T-modified counterparts. These greatly improved nuclease resistances and efficient RNasc H recruitment capabilities elevate the alpha-L-carba-LNA-modified nucleotides into a new class of locked nucleic acids for potential RNA targeting therapeutics.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 75, no 18, 6122-6140 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-134911DOI: 10.1021/jo100900vISI: 000281585600008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-134911DiVA: diva2:374027