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Depression and treatment with antidepressants are associated with the development of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Family Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology.
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2010 (English)In: Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, ISSN 0269-2813, E-ISSN 1365-2036, Vol. 31, no 10, 1132-1140 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background The roles of depression and antidepressants in triggering reflux symptoms remain unclear. Aim To compare the incidence of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in individuals with and without a depression diagnosis and to evaluate risk factors for a GERD diagnosis. The relationship between antidepressant treatment and GERD was also assessed. Methods The Health Improvement Network UK primary care database was used to identify patients with incident depression and an age- and sex-matched control cohort with no depression diagnosis. Incident GERD diagnoses were identified during a mean follow-up of 3.3 years. Furthermore, we performed nested case-control analyses where odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated by unconditional logistic regression in multivariable models. Results The incidence of GERD was 14.2 per 1000 person-years in the depression cohort and 8.3 per 1000 person-years in the control cohort. The hazard ratio of GERD in patients with depression compared with controls was 1.72 (95% CI: 1.60-1.85). Among patients with depression, tricyclic antidepressant use was associated with an increased risk of GERD (OR: 1.71; 95% CI: 1.34-2.20), while selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors were not associated with GERD. Conclusions A depression diagnosis is associated with an increased risk of a subsequent GERD diagnosis, particularly in individuals using tricyclic antidepressants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 31, no 10, 1132-1140 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Pharmaceutical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-135126DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2036.2010.04280.xISI: 000276917100009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-135126DiVA: diva2:374480
Available from: 2010-12-04 Created: 2010-12-04 Last updated: 2011-08-15Bibliographically approved

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Wallander, Mari-Ann
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