Heparan Sulfate Domain Organization and Sulfation Modulate FGF-induced Cell Signaling
2010 (English)In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, ISSN 0021-9258, E-ISSN 1083-351X, Vol. 285, no 35, 26842-26851 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Heparan sulfates (HSs) modulate various developmental and homeostatic processes by binding to protein ligands. We have evaluated the structural characteristics of porcine HS in cellular signaling induced by basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF2), using CHO745 cells devoid of endogenous glycosaminoglycans as target. Markedly enhanced stimulation of cell signaling, measured as phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and protein kinase B, was only observed with the shortest HS chains isolated from liver, whereas the longer chains from either liver or intestine essentially prolonged duration of signals induced by FGF2 in the absence of polysaccharide. Structural analysis showed that contiguous sulfated domains were most abundant in the shortest HS chains and were more heavily sulfated in HS from liver than in HS from intestine. Moreover, the shortest chains from either source entered into ternary complexes with FGF2 and FGF receptor-1c more efficiently than the corresponding longer chains. In addition to authentic HSs, decasaccharide libraries generated by chemo-enzymatic modification of heparin were probed for effect on FGF2 signaling. Only the most highly sulfated decamers, previously found most efficient in ternary complex formation (Jastrebova, N., Vanwildemeersch, M., Rapraeger, A. C., Gimenez-Gallego, G., Lindahl, U., and Spillmann, D. (2006) J. Biol. Chem. 281, 26884-26892), promoted FGF2 cellular signaling as efficiently as short HS chains from liver. Together these results suggest that the effects of HS on FGF2 signaling are determined by both the structure of the highly sulfated domains and by the organization/availability of such domains within the HS chain. These findings underpin the need for regulation of HS biosynthesis in relation to control of growth factor-induced signaling pathways.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 285, no 35, 26842-26851 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-135185DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M109.093542ISI: 000281172700015PubMedID: 20576609OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-135185DiVA: diva2:374635