Prognostic value of reading-to-reading blood pressure variability over 24 hours in 8938 subjects from 11 populations
2010 (English)In: Hypertension, ISSN 0194-911X, E-ISSN 1524-4563, Vol. 55, no 4, 1049-1057 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In previous studies, of which several were underpowered, the relation between cardiovascular outcome and blood pressure (BP) variability was inconsistent. We followed health outcomes in 8938 subjects (mean age: 53.0 years; 46.8% women) randomly recruited from 11 populations. At baseline, we assessed BP variability from the SD and average real variability in 24-hour ambulatory BP recordings. We computed standardized hazard ratios (HRs) while stratifying by cohort and adjusting for 24-hour BP and other risk factors. Over 11.3 years (median), 1242 deaths (487 cardiovascular) occurred, and 1049, 577, 421, and 457 participants experienced a fatal or nonfatal cardiovascular, cardiac, or coronary event or a stroke. Higher diastolic average real variability in 24-hour ambulatory BP recordings predicted (Por=1.07) with the exception of cardiac and coronary events (HR: or=0.58). Higher systolic average real variability in 24-hour ambulatory BP recordings predicted (P<0.05) total (HR: 1.11) and cardiovascular (HR: 1.16) mortality and all fatal combined with nonfatal end points (HR: >or=1.07), with the exception of cardiac and coronary events (HR: or=0.54). SD predicted only total and cardiovascular mortality. While accounting for the 24-hour BP level, average real variability in 24-hour ambulatory BP recordings added <1% to the prediction of a cardiovascular event. Sensitivity analyses considering ethnicity, sex, age, previous cardiovascular disease, antihypertensive treatment, number of BP readings per recording, or the night:day BP ratio were confirmatory. In conclusion, in a large population cohort, which provided sufficient statistical power, BP variability assessed from 24-hour ambulatory recordings did not contribute much to risk stratification over and beyond 24-hour BP.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 55, no 4, 1049-1057 p.
Ambulatory blood pressure, Blood pressure variability, Epidemiology, Population science, Risk factors
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-135250DOI: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.109.140798ISI: 000275701600038PubMedID: 20212270OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-135250DiVA: diva2:374724