In vivo binding of [68Ga]-DOTATOC to somatostatin receptors in neuroendocrine tumours — impact of peptide mass
2010 (English)In: Nuclear Medicine and Biology, ISSN 0969-8051, E-ISSN 1872-9614, Vol. 37, no 3, 265-275 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this pilot study was to explore the impact of peptide mass on binding of [(68)Ga]-DOTATOC to neuroendocrine tumour somatostatin receptors in vivo using a tracer of variable specific radioactivity (SRA) and to show the logistic feasibility of sequential PET scans in the same patient. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Nine patients with gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours were included. Six of them underwent three sequential PET-CT examinations with intravenous injections of [(68)Ga]-DOTATOC proceeded by 0, 50 and 250 or 500 microg of octreotide, administered 10 min before the tracer. Three patients were examined by dynamic and static PET/CT for pharmacokinetic and dosimetric calculations. The [(68)Ga]-DOTATOC synthesis included preconcentration and purification of the generator eluate and microwave heating in a semi-automated in-house procedure. RESULTS: [(68)Ga]-DOTATOC synthesis and quality control were accomplished within 30 min and radiochemical purity was >95%. The tracer accumulation in the tumours varied and depended on the total amount of the administered peptide. In five of six patients, the highest tumour-to-normal tissue ratio was found when 50 microg of octreotide was preadministered. One patient showed a continuously increasing tumour uptake. Dosimetrically, a large variation in organ doses was found (kidney: 0.086-0.168 mSv/MBq; liver: 0.026-0.096 mSv/MBq; spleen: 0.046-0.226 mSv/MBq). The effective dose (0.015, 0.0067 and 0.0042 mSv/MBq) was correlated to the total amount of decays. DISCUSSION: Three sequential PET-CT examinations using (68)Ga-based tracer was carried out in 1 day. The use of high SRA [(68)Ga]-DOTATOC and unlabelled octreotide indicates an optimal mass leading to better image contrast. [(68)Ga]-DOTATOC-PET-CT employing variable SRA may be utilised for accurate quantification of tumour uptake with subsequent dosimetry for personalized therapy management.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 37, no 3, 265-275 p.
Medical and Health Sciences Pharmaceutical Sciences Chemical Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-135281DOI: 10.1016/j.nucmedbio.2009.11.008ISI: 000276551800004PubMedID: 20346866OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-135281DiVA: diva2:374773