Seasonal variation in the mode of reproduction of Ulva intestinalis in a brackish water environment
2010 (English)In: Aquatic Botany, ISSN 0304-3770, Vol. 93, no 4, 244-249 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We explored the reproductive modes of Viva intestinalis in the inner part of the Baltic Sea during three consecutive years by using five microsatellite loci to estimate the relative abundance of diploid sporophytes and haploid gametophytes. Our results suggest that both diploid sporophytes and haploid gametophytes occur regularly in the Baltic Sea. The ratio of haploid to diploid individuals changes with seasons. Sporophytes are more abundant than gametophytes throughout the year, but the proportion of haploids increases from 10% in early summer to 35% in September. The over-wintering takes primarily place as diploid spores released by sporophytes. The sporophytes appear to reproduce both sexually and asexually in the Baltic Sea, since clones were found for this life phase. The fraction of individuals which belonged to an apparent diploid clone was higher in spring (62%) than in autumn (33%). We also found evidence for asexual clones in haploid gametophytes. The presence of both diploid and haploid individuals and the pattern of genetic and genotypic diversity provide evidence of sexual reproduction in the Baltic Sea. Thus the sporophytes and gametophytes do not function as two reproductively separate units. Compared with many other algal species with a reduced reproductive cycle in low salinity, U. intestinalis differs by having a multitude of reproductive modes also in the brackish water Baltic Sea, which can in part explain the dynamic propagation and high adaptability of the species.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 93, no 4, 244-249 p.
Ulva, Enteromorpha, Green alga, Reproduction, Biphasic, Haploid, Diploid
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-135376DOI: 10.1016/j.aquabot.2010.08.003ISI: 000284253900006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-135376DiVA: diva2:374870