uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Follow-up of adolescents born extremely preterm: cognitive function and health at 18 years of age
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
2010 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 99, no 9, 1401-1406 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: To compare cognitive ability, school achievement and self-perceived health aspects in adolescents born extremely preterm and term born controls. Method: Fifty-two, out of 61, extremely preterm born adolescents (mean age 18.4 years) and 54 matched controls (mean age 18.3 years) born at full term were investigated; intelligence quotient was measured with the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale; cognitive flexibility, i.e. a measure of visuomotor speed and attention, with the Trail Making Test; school achievement and choice of upper secondary programmes were reported. Health aspects were investigated in a semi structured interview. Result: The adolescents born prematurely had significantly lower IQ than the controls, mean 93 (SD 15.4) vs 106 (12.5), p < 0.001; showed slower visuomotor speed; had lower grades from compulsory school (192.7 vs 234.8, p < 0.001); and chose to a greater extent practical upper secondary school programmes. There were no differences between the groups in health care consumption, prevalence of chronic disease, allergy or infectious diseases. Conclusion: Poorer cognitive performance, in extremely preterm born individuals, seems to persist into late adolescence. Fewer prematurely born than control chose theoretical upper secondary school programmes. However, no difference was noted regarding self-perceived health aspects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 99, no 9, 1401-1406 p.
Keyword [en]
Cognition, Follow-up, Health, Late adolescent, Preterm
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-135424DOI: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2010.01850.xISI: 000280970600033OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-135424DiVA: diva2:375017
Available from: 2010-12-07 Created: 2010-12-06 Last updated: 2010-12-07Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text
By organisation
Department of Women's and Children's Health
In the same journal
Acta Paediatrica
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 125 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link